Installing Docker on Ubuntu: A Guide for Developers

Docker, a popular containerization platform, empowers developers to package applications into standardized units, facilitating consistent and efficient deployment across diverse environments. This guide explores two primary methods for installing Docker on Ubuntu: apt-get and Snap.

Understanding Installation Methods:

  • apt-get: The traditional package manager for Debian-based distributions, including Ubuntu, retrieves software packages from official repositories, ensuring compatibility and stability.

  • Snap: A newer universal packaging system, Snap offers self-contained software packages with all dependencies bundled within, simplifying installation but potentially offering slightly older versions of software.

Installation with apt-get:

  1. Package List Update: Commence the process by ensuring you possess the latest package list information:


sudo apt update

  1. Prerequisite Installation: Specific packages are essential for enabling Docker functionality:


sudo apt install ca-certificates curl gnupg software-properties-common

  1. Docker GPG Key Addition: This key verifies the authenticity and integrity of Docker packages during installation:


curl -fsSL | sudo apt-key add -

  1. Docker Repository Addition: Inform apt-get of the location for official Docker packages:


sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] $(lsb_release -cs) stable"

  1. Package List Update (Repetition): Refresh the package list to reflect the newly added repository:


sudo apt update

  1. Docker Engine Installation: The culmination of this method:


sudo apt install docker-ce

Official Documentation: For detailed instructions and comprehensive information regarding apt-get installation, refer to the official Docker documentation:

Installation with Snap:

  1. snapd Installation (if necessary): If your system lacks the snapd package manager, install it using apt-get:


sudo apt install snapd

  1. Docker Snap Package Installation: Install the latest Docker version from the Snap Store:


sudo snap install docker

Official Documentation: For detailed information regarding Snap installation, refer to the official Docker documentation:

Verification (Both Methods):

To verify successful installation, execute the following command in your terminal:


docker --version

This command should display the installed Docker version, confirming a successful installation.

Post-Installation Steps:

  • Docker Group Addition: Grant your user account membership in the Docker group to enable execution of Docker commands without requiring sudo privileges:


sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

Log out and log back in for the changes to take effect.


This guide has equipped you with the knowledge to install Docker on your Ubuntu system using both apt-get and Snap. Remember, Docker unlocks a world of possibilities for developers, enabling streamlined development workflows, simplified deployments, and efficient application management. Experiment, explore, and leverage Docker's potential to elevate your development endeavours!

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